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WHAT IS KNEE PAIN ?

Knee Pain

Knee pain can be chronic and long-term along with swelling and sensitivity in a single knee or both the knees. It is one of the standard complaints that have been affecting people of all age groups.

Causes of knee pain

Knee pain can occur due to three primary reasons:

  • Acute injuries such as broken bone, ligament tear and meniscus tear.
  • Conditions like arthritis or any infection.
  • Other issues like osteoarthritis, tendinitis, bursitis and some patellar syndromes.
Other than that, gout and other medical conditions like arthritis which occur due to rapid collagen breakdown can also cause pain the knees

Other Causes

  • Tendinitis
  • Bursitis
  • Chondromalacia patella
  • Baker’s cyst
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Bone dislocation
  • Meniscus Tear
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Fractures due to direct trauma

Symptoms of knee pain

  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Redness of the area
  • Warmth feeling when touched
  • Weakness
  • Popping and crunching sounds in knees
  • Unable to fully straighten the knee
  • Constant ache
  • Sharp and shooting pain on movement

Diagnosis

  • Blood works
  • Physical examinations
  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound tests
  • Arthroscopy ( before conducting surgical procedures)
  • Arthrocentesis

Treatment

Chronic and acute knee pain has their specific treatment methods such as:

  • Physical therapies and suboptimal movements can be helpful along with exercises.
  • Medications for pain relief, or treat underlying problems such as gout or arthritis.
  • Capsules to build up the Collagen which can avoid any major surgery to the knee.
  • Surgery including Arthroscopic surgery to build up the collagen, Partial knee replacement surgery and Total knee replacement at times.
  • Injections of Corticosteroids, Hyaluronic acid and Platelet-rich plasma (PRP).

Home Remedies

  • Put ice bags for 15 minutes on the affected knee while covering the knee with a towel at frequent intervals, once an hour.
  • Wear flat shoes for supporting the feet and minimum exacerbation of pain.
  • Position pillows appropriately on either side of the body so that one does not roll on one side.
  • Avoid standing on hard surfaces
  • If overweight, losing weight is mandatory
  • Protect the knee from further traumatic conditions
  • Rest the knees as much as possible
  • Compress the knees with a brace or a wrap
  • Elevation can help to reduce the swelling

Prevention

T
Try to stay slim as much as possible as this can reduce the risk osteoarthritis (knee pain)
S
Stay fit and practice regular stretching and strengthening exercises to avoid imbalanced musculature.
I
It is best to opt for light exercising such as swimming to keep knee pain at bay

When to call the doctor

It is best to seek assistance when the conditions don’t seem to go away even after trying out home remedies for a week.

A professional may be called when there is:

  • Swelling
  • Deformity
  • Inability to bend the leg(s)
  • Difficulty while walking
  • Shooting pain
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