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Feb 15, 2024
The Thyroid gland is a small butterfly shaped gland at the base of the neck.
The hormones secreted by the thyroid gland control various metabolic reactions in the body.

The two main hormones secreted by the thyroid gland are
T3 - Thyrotoxine
T4 - Triidothyronine
these hormones affect the rate at which the body uses fats and carbohydrates, help to control body temperature, affect heart rate and control protein synthesis.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormones.

βœ” Weight loss
βœ” Fast heart beat - tachycardia
βœ” Irregular heart beat
βœ” Palpitations
βœ” Increased hunger
βœ” Nervousness , anxiety and irritations
βœ” Heat sensitivity
βœ” frequent bowel movements
βœ” Enlarged thyroid gland
βœ” General weakness and tiredness
βœ” Muscle weakness
βœ” Sleep problems
βœ” Thinning skin
βœ” Fine brittle skin

Risk factors
βœ” Family history of thyroid disease
βœ” Chronic illness like pernicious anemia, primary adrenal insuficiancy
βœ” Recent pregnancy

βœ” Heart problems - change in heart rhythm that increases the the risk of stroke.
βœ” Congestive heart failure
βœ” Brittle bones
βœ” Vision problems
βœ” discolored and swollen skin
βœ” Nausea
βœ” Vomiting
βœ” Diarrhea

Test and diagnosis
βœ” A physical examination of neck to see wheatear thyroid gland is normal or not
βœ” Blood tests
βœ” Imaging tests